Stage Black: (Ages 13 to 15)

NOTE: This core module contains suggested educational readings on children in sports with advice for parents, coaches & teachers.
Areas to Cover Topics Suggestions / Examples / Resources Benchmark
Children in sport - an introduction
  1. How can sport be more fun?
  2. Does sport build character?
  3. How can parents and instructors help children to handle defeat?
  4. How can parents and instructors keep sport and winning in perspective?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
Sport participation
  1. What are the signs of overtraining in sport?
  2. Does maturity affect performance?
  3. How much exercise do children need to stay fit?
  4. What are the signs of competitive stress?
  5. What is an appropriate practice-to-game ratio for a youth competitive league?
  6. Should children with an underlying medical condition get involved in sport?
  7. What are some important factors in assessing competitive sports for children with a disability?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
How children grow and develop
  1. How do children grow and develop?
  2. Are children naturally flexible?
  3. Do genetics play a role in how successful children will be in sport?
  4. Should children perform exercises aimed at developing strength?
  5. What are the nutritional requirements of young athletes?
  6. How much water should children drink during exercise?
  7. Are children more prone to heat and cold stress than adults?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
The mind of a child
  1. How do children make decisions?
  2. Can children improve coordination through involvement in sport?
  3. Does sport help children build self-esteem?
  4. What are the building blocks to healthy self-esteem?
  5. How can instructors help build self-esteem in young children?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
Sports injuries in young Children
  1. Are children more susceptible to sport injuries than adults?
  2. What types of sport injuries can occur?
  3. What are the most common sites of injury?
  4. Are some exercises harmful to growing muscles and bones?
  5. How can parents and coaches prevent injuries?
  6. What is an effective warm-up and cool-down?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
The role of parents and instructors in sport
  1. How significant is the role of parents and coaches in youth sport?
  2. What can be done if a parent misbehaves?
  3. What can be done if an instructor misbehaves?
  4. Why should instructors be certified?
  5. What is a competent instructor?
  6. What questions should parents ask when registering children for a sport program?
  7. What should parents watch for during a game or practice?
  8. Is there too much adult domination in children’s sport?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.


Children in sport - an introduction
  1. Does sport build character?
  2. How can parents and instructors help children handle defeat?
  3. How can parents and instructors keep sport and winning in perspective?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
Sport participation
  1. What are the signs of overtraining in sport?
  2. Does maturity affect performance?
  3. How much exercise do children need to stay fit?
  4. What are the signs of competitive stress?
  5. Should children with an underlying medical condition get involved in sport?
  6. What are some important factors in assessing competitive sport for children with a disability?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
How children grow and develop
  1. How do children grow and develop?
  2. Are children naturally flexible?
  3. Do genetics play a role in how successful children will be in sport?
  4. Should children perform exercises aimed at developing strength?
  5. What are the nutritional requirements of young athletes?
  6. How much water should children drink during exercise?
  7. Are children more prone to heat and cold stress than adults?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to it.
The mind of a child
  1. How do children make decisions?
  2. What are the signs of low self-esteem?
  3. How can instructors help build self-esteem in young children?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
Sports injuries in young children
  1. Are children more susceptible to sport injuries than adults?
  2. What types of sport injuries can occur?
  3. What are the most common sites of injury?
  4. Are some exercises harmful to growing muscles and bones?
  5. How can parents and coaches prevent injuries?
  6. What is an effective warm-up and cool-down?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
The role of parents and instructors in sport
  1. How significant is the role of parents and coaches in youth sport?
  2. What can be done if a parent misbehaves?
  3. What can be done if an instructor misbehaves?
  4. Why should instructors be certified?
  5. What is a competent instructor?
  6. What questions should parents ask when registering children for a sport program?
  7. Is there too much adult domination in children’s sport?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.