Stage Orange: FUNdamentals (Ages 6 to 9)

NOTE: This core module contains suggested educational readings on children in sports with advice for parents, coaches & teachers. 

Areas to Cover Topics Suggestions / Examples / Resources Benchmark
Children in sport – an introduction
  1. Why is sport important to children?
  2. What does success mean to a child?
  3. What motivates a child to participate in sport?
  4. Are children miniature adults?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
Sport participation
  1. When should children specialize in sport?
  2. What are the risks of early specialization?
  3. How much exercise do children need to stay fit?
  4. Is competitive sport too stressful for children?
  5. Are some children better able to cope with stress than others?
  6. What is an appropriate practice-to-game ratio for a youth competitive league?
  7. Should young children be involved in off-season training?
  8. Are there special benefits for girls participating in sport?
  9. When is it appropriate to adapt sport for children?
  10. Should children with an underlying medical condition get involved in sport?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
How children grow and develop
  1. How do children grow and develop?
  2. What are the nutritional requirements of young athletes?
  3. How much water should children drink during exercise?
  4. Are children more prone to heat and cold stress than adults?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
The mind of a child
  1. How do children think and learn?
  2. How do children develop skills?
  3. Can children improve coordination through involvement in sport?
  4. Does sport help children build self-esteem?
  5. What are the building blocks to healthy self-esteem?
  6. What are the signs of low self-esteem?
  7. How can instructors help build self-esteem in young children?
  8. How do children interact with others?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
Sports injuries in young children
  1. How can parents and coaches prevent injuries?
  2. What is an effective warm-up and cool-down?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
The role of parents and instructors
  1. How significant is the role of parents and coaches in youth sport?
  2. What can be done if a parent misbehaves?
  3. What can be done if an instructor misbehaves?
  4. What instructors should be certified?
  5. What is a competent instructor?
  6. What questions should parents ask when registering children for a sports program?
  7. What should parents watch for during a game or practice?
  8. Is there too much adult domination in children’s sport?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.

Children in sport – an introduction
  1. What does success mean to a child?
  2. Why is the role of an instructor important?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
Sport participation
  1. When should children specialize in sport?
  2. What are the risks of early specialization?
  3. How much exercise do children need to stay fit?
  4. Is competitive sport too stressful for children?
  5. Are some children better able to cope with stress than others?
  6. At what age should children become involved in competitive sport?
  7. What is an appropriate practice-to-game ratio for a youth competitive league?
  8. Should young children be involved in off-season training?
  9. Are there special benefits for girls participating in sport?
  10. When is it appropriate to adapt sport for children?
  11. Should children with an underlying medical condition get involved in sport?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
How children grow and develop
  1. How do children grow and develop?
  2. Do genetics play a role in how successful children will be in sport?
  3. What are the nutritional requirements of young athletes?
  4. How much water should children drink during exercise?
  5. Are children more prone to heat and cold stress than adults?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
The mind of a child
  1. How do children think and learn?
  2. How do children develop skills?
  3. Can children improve coordination through involvement in sport?
  4. Does sport help children build self-esteem?
  5. What are the building blocks to healthy self-esteem?
  6. What are the signs of low self-esteem?
  7. How can instructors help build self-esteem in young children?
  8. How do children interact with others?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
Sports injuries in young children
  1. How can parents and coaches prevent injuries?
  2. What is an effective warm-up and cool-down?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.
The role of parents and instructors
  1. How significant is the role of parents and coaches in youth sport?
  2. What can be done when a parent misbehaves?
  3. What can be done if an instructor misbehaves?
  4. Why should instructors be certified?
  5. What is a competent instructor?
  6. What questions should parents ask when registering children for a sport program?
  7. Is there too much adult domination in children’s sport?

Resource: Straight Talk about Children and Sport – Advice for Parents, Coaches and Teachers
by: Janet LeBlanc and Louise Dickson

Not required to be measured at this level but recommended that parents and children be exposed to content.

GREEN Identifies a core competency. Specific skill / performance benchmark measurement MUST BE MET in order to advance to the next level within the program.
YELLOW Identifies a core competency where skill / performance benchmark measurements are NOT required to progress to the next level. However, active participation in drills and activities is required.
RED Not applicable. Specific skill / performance benchmark measurements are not required for this element at this level.